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What is the difference between an atom and an element?

What is the difference between an atom and an element?

Get complete information about, What is the difference between an atom and an element?

The concept of atoms, molecules, compounds and elements is perhaps the most basic part of chemistry. We get to know about these terms in our earliest classes of science. Yet again we ask, What is the difference between an atom and an element?

Figure – An atom.

An atom is the smallest unit of a substance. It is a balanced arrangement of subatomic particles such as Electron, Proton and Neutron. Based on their respective properties (Mass, Spin and Charge) these particles interact with each other to form an atom.

Image – An element.

An element is a particular type of atom. If we say that an atom having 1electron and 1proton, it means the element Hydrogen. If we say that an atom having 2 neutrons, 2 protons and 2 electrons, it means the element Helium.

ElementAtom
Hydrogen1P + 1e
Helium2N + 2P + 2e
Silver61N + 47P + 47e
Gold118N + 79P + 79e
Uuo176N + 118P+ 118e

Now you know What is the difference between an atom and an element?

There are around 118 known elements to us. These elements have been grouped together in the Periodic table.

The periodic table.

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